JSC Academician M.F. ReshetnevInformation Satellite Systems

The 7th of May – communications workers’ day

May 7, 2015 marks 120 years since the day when the wireless method of transmitting and receiving information was invented. Celebrated in Russia today as “Radio and Communications Day”, it is one of the professional holidays of ISS-Reshetnev employees.

The development and production of communications and telecommunications satellites are one of the areas that ISS-Reshetnev Company specializes in. As the Russian aerospace industry leader, the company has been developing satellite radio and television broadcasting technologies since the 1960s. In 1967 the world’s first satellite television distribution network “Orbita” was opened on the base of satellites of the Molniya series which were designed and built by the Reshetnev Company. This network was established to receive television and radio programs, enable telephony and data transmission services. In addition to that, ISS-Reshetnev team also made considerable contributions to the development of amateur radio communications. In accordance with the Resolution enacted by the USSR Government on December 23, 1980 the company built six satellites of the RS series. Following that, in December 1981 a batch of Radio satellites were launched into orbit from the Plesetsk cosmodrome. Satellites of the Radio series enabled Soviet radio amateurs to hold longer communications sessions – up to 10 minutes long.

A radio amateur satellite RS-15, developed by NPO PM (now ISS-Reshetnev Company), was launched into orbit on December 26, 1994 to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the invention of radio.

The heritage of pioneering developments and solutions adopted in the first radio communications satellites were largely used by ISS-Reshetnev specialists in follow-on satellite construction projects.

Advanced telecommunications satellites made by ISS-Reshetnev Company offers a wide range of services, including television and radio broadcasting, telephony, videoconferencing, mobile presidential and government communications, high-speed Internet access and many others.

The world’s first wireless receiving and transmitting radio system was invented by Alexander Popov, an outstanding Russian scientist. On May 7, 1895 he demonstrated his system on the meeting of the Russian Physical and Chemical Society at the University of Saint Petersburg.