JSC Academician M.F. ReshetnevInformation Satellite Systems

Programs and projects

ISS-Reshetnev Company is the prime contractor under a number of critical projects that are part of state-run programs in the field of space technology:

  • Federal Space Program for the years 2006–2015;
  • Federal Target Program “Maintenance, development and utilization of the GLONASS system during 2012–2020”.

Additionally, ISS-Reshetnev Company builds commercial satellites for foreign customers.

Personal communications

As of today, multi-satellite personal communications systems based on constellations of small satellites are becoming increasingly popular and enter wider use. ISS-Reshetnev Company has many years’ experience developing and building this type of satellites. Despite being relatively small and cheap to manufacture, personal communications satellites are capable of solving a great many of vital tasks.

ISS-Reshetnev Company currently works on the creation of the personal satellite communications system GONETS-D1M. The system is primarily aimed at providing and enabling:

  • tracking and monitoring cargos and vehicles;
  • ecological, industrial and scientific monitoring;
  • communications in remote areas with poor infrastructure;
  • emergency communications;
  • organizing global corporate and departmental data transmission networks.

Today Gonets-M satellites form the core of the space-based GONETS-D1M system.

In a separate development, the company is focused on building next-generation and more advanced satellites of the Gonets-M1 series.

Gonets-M

Personal communications satellites Gonets-M are intended to provide communications and data transmission services, including communications of the “e-mail” type when uploaded messages are registered in the onboard memory device, stored there and further transmitted to the intended user. Satellites of this series also make telephone and fax communications services available to users within the satellites’ coverage area, collect and transmit the user location information with the help of GPS/GLONASS technologies. Apart from that, Gonets-M satellites are used for ecologic and scientific monitoring purposes.

Gonets-M satellites are placed into the circular near-Earth orbit 1350 – 1500 kilometers high. It allows for using small receiving/transmitting devices on the ground.

Satellites of this class are launched from the Plesetsk cosmodrome in batches of three aboard Rockot rockets.

Gonets-M1

Next-generation Gonets-M1 satellites are designed to provide secured satellite communications as well as access to public networks and Internet in near real time. Additionally, these satellites enable radiotelephone communications between mobile and fixed users when they are within the satellites’ coverage area, collect and further transmit data that contains information on the status of mobile objects and users’ location.

Gonets-M1 satellites are to substantially increase the number of users serviced by the space-based multifunctional personal communications system Gonets-D1M.

Telecommunications

ISS-Reshetnev Company is the largest Russian provider of telecommunications satellites. Intended to provide communications, television broadcasting and Internet access services, these satellites are designed and built by the company in accordance with the latest advancements in satellite technology, which puts them on a par with their counterparts offered by the world’s leading satellite builders.

Unified satellite platforms of the Express-1000 (middle-class) and Express-2000 (heavy-class) series are the most recent developments of ISS-Reshetnev available in the aerospace market. Today the company uses these platforms to produce telecommunications satellites that vary in size, throughput capabilities and power, tailored to the customer requirements and needs. In compliance with global best practices ISS-Reshetnev’s satellites built around these platforms have designed mission lives of 15 years.

Express-AM8

Express-AM8 will serve to deliver next generation telecommunications services to Russia, Europe, Africa, South and North Americas, as well as provide satellite communications solutions to all types of government users and the President. The Express-AM8 satellite construction contract was awarded to ISS-Reshetnev by the Russian Satellite Communications Company (RSCC). According to the terms of the agreement, ISS-Reshetnev, the prime contractor, is responsible for the development and manufacture of the satellite’s service systems module, integration and testing of Express-AM8, as well as the development of a dynamic software simulator. Thales Alenia Space, the main subcontractor in this project, delivered a repeater system and antennas for the satellite.

The communications and broadcasting satellite Express-AM8 is based on an advanced Express-1000HTB platform and has a mass of around 2100 kilograms. Some 5880 W will be available to the payload. Express-AM8 is equipped with 42 transponders operating in the C-, Ku- and L-bands and is designed to provide at least 15 years of satellite service

The satellite is due to be launched in 2015.

Yamal-401

The primary mission of the Yamal-401 satellite which was built for a Russian satellite operator Gazprom Space Systems is to provide communications, television broadcasting and data transmission services to users across Russia. As a prime contractor under this project, ISS-Reshetnev was responsible for the design, manufacture, integration and testing of the satellite, as well as for a dedicated ground control complex. Gazprom Space Systems manufactured the payload for Yamal-401 (jointly with Thales Alenia Space France), designed, delivered and integrated the onboard order wire equipment, the ground order wire station and other ground control subsystems, as well as carried out quality control. Some qualified equipment intended for the satellite’s platform was also supplied by the customer – Gazprom Space Systems under a contract with Thales Alenia Space France.

Yamal-401 is the third satellite (after Express-AM5 and Express-AM6 satellites) based on ISS-Reshetnev’s heavy-class Express-2000 platform. With a mass estimated at around 3000 kilograms, it provides 11 kW of power to the payload and has a projected mission life of 15 years. The satellite is fitted with six antennas, 53 transponders operating in C- and Ku-bands to ensure 24/7 availability of its services in the territory of Russia.

Yamal-401 was launched on December 15, 2014 and stationed at 90 degree East.

Express-AM5

The Express-AM5 satellite is intended to provide digital television and radio broadcasting, mobile presidential communications and multimedia services (telephony, videoconferencing, data transmission, Internet access) as well as support the development of VSAT networks.

The satellite was designed and built under a contract with Russian Satellite Communications Company (RSCC). ISS-Reshetnev was responsible for the design, development, manufacture, testing, pre-launch preparations and in-orbit commissioning of the Express-AM5 satellite. Some work was subcontracted to the Radio Research and Development Institute (NIIR) and MacDonald, Dettwiler and Associates (MDA). The Russian partner designed, developed and manufactured the payload module while the Canadian company, in its turn, was engaged in the manufacture of the satellite’s repeater system and antennas.

The Express-AM5 satellite carries 10 antennas and 84 transponders operating in the C-, Ku-, Ka- and L- frequency bands. It has a designed mission life of 15 years, platform power of around 15 kW and a mass of 3400 kilograms. The satellite’s service systems’ module is represented by a heavy-class satellite platform Express-2000 developed by ISS-Reshetnev Company.

Express-AM5 is the first Russian satellite that has an electric propulsion unit onboard which helps the satellite to move itself from the transfer orbit to its designated geostationary orbital position. This approach enables in-orbit delivery of heavy satellites whose weight exceeds a launch vehicle’s lift capabilities.

Express-AM5 was successfully launched on December 26, 2013. It is stationed at the 140 degrees East orbital slot.

Express-AM6

The telecommunications satellite Express-AM6 is destined to make a wide range of modern high-quality telecommunications services, including multi-program digital television and radio broadcasting, and Internet access available to millions of people across Russia, as well as government users and commercial customers.

Express-AM6, like its predecessor the Express-AM5 satellite, was built by ISS-Reshetnev Company in cooperation with the same Russian and Canadian partners – the Radio Research and Development Institute (NIIR) and MacDonald, Dettwiler and Associates (MDA). The work within the framework of this satellite construction project was split up between the partners the same way as in the Express-AM5 program.

The Express-AM6 satellite is equipped with 11 antennas and 72 active transponders operating in the C-, Ku-, Ka- and L- frequency bands. It is based on ISS-Reshetnev’s heavy-class Express-2000 platform and has a 15-year designed lifespan. Express-AM6 has a power of around 15 kW and weighs some 3400 kilograms.

The same orbit emplacement method as in the Express-AM5 project will be implemented to put Express-AM6 into its geostationary position. It means that this satellite will use its onboard electric propulsion unit to get itself from the transfer orbit to the intended orbital slot of 53 degrees East.

The Express-AM6 telecommunications satellite was launched on October 21, 2014.

Express-AT1

The Express-AT1 satellite was built by ISS-Reshetnev Company for the Russian Satellite Communications Company (RSCC) to deliver direct-to-home high-definition television broadcasting, communications and data transmission services to users across Russia.

ISS-Reshetnev was responsible for the design, development, manufacture, integration and testing of the satellite. Besides, the company also provided the satellite’s dynamic software simulator to the customer. As well as that, ISS-Reshetnev guarantees ongoing support throughout the satellite’s mission lifetime. Much of the work on the satellite’s antennas and the repeater system was subcontracted to the French division of Thales Alenia Space.

Express-AT1 is based on ISS-Reshetnev’s Express-1000HTB platform. The satellite which is designed to orbit the Earth and provide services for at least 15 years, has a mass of approximately 1800 kilograms and power available to the payload of 5.6 kW. The satellite is fitted with 32 active Ku-band transponders.

Express-AT1 was launched into orbit together with another satellite built by ISS-Reshetnev Company – Express-AT2 on March 16, 2014. Express-AT1 is currently stationed at 56 degrees East.

Express-AT2

Communications, television broadcasting and data transmission – all these vital services are delivered via the Express-AT2 satellite. Designed and built by ISS-Reshetnev for the Russian Satellite Communications Company (RSCC), Express-AT2 was intended to augment the operator’s orbital fleet of telecommunications satellites.

The Express-AT2 satellite project involved the same contractor as in the Express-AT1 program. ISS-Reshetnev Company, playing a role of a prime contractor, was responsible for the design, development, manufacture, integration and testing of the satellite; the development of the satellite’s dynamic software simulator and the provision of ongoing technical support to the customer during Express-AT2’s mission in orbit. The French division of Thales Alenia Space, in its turn, being the main subcontractor in this project, supplied antennas and the repeater system for the satellite.

Express-AT2 is based on ISS-Reshetnev’s light-class Express-1000K platform, has a mass of around 1250 kilograms and power available to the payload of 3 kW. The satellite carries 16 Ku-band transponders to be able to provide high definition direct-to-home television services, fixed and mobile communications and data transmission services as well as high speed Internet access. The satellite’s coverage area spreads across the Russian Far East bringing all the benefits of information services and multimedia content to this region.

Express-AT2 was launched into orbit together with another satellite built by ISS-Reshetnev Company – Express-AT1 on March 16, 2014. Express-AT2 is currently providing services from its geostationary orbital slot of 140 degrees East.

Yamal-300K

The telecommunications satellite Yamal-300K was built by ISS-Reshetnev Company for a Russian satellite operator Gazprom Space Systems. Yamal-300K is tasked with providing a wide range of modern communications services to users across Russia and the CIS countries.

Under this contract the Reshetnev Company developed, manufactured, commissioned the satellite in orbit, and also prepared the ground control complex. The payload for this satellite was supplied by its customer – Gazprom Space Systems. In addition to that, the operator developed the onboard order wire equipment, the ground control station and some other subsystems of the ground control complex.

ISS-Reshetnev’s Express-1000H platform was opted to be the base of the Yamal-300K satellite. It was a good solution, since it made it possible for Yamal-300K to carry a bigger payload which the customer had initially planned to install on two different satellites. Weighing around 1900 kilograms, Yamal-300K provides 5.9 kW of payload power and has a 15-year designed active lifespan. It is equipped with 26 transponders operating in C- and Ku-bands.

A rocket carrying Yamal-300K and its co-passenger Loutch-5B was successfully launched on November 3, 2012.

AMOS-5

The telecommunications satellite AMOS-5 was built by ISS-Reshetnev Company for an Israeli satellite operator Space Communication Ltd. to provide communications, television and radio broadcasting, and broadband data services to users across Africa, Europe and Asia. As part of this project, ISS-Reshetnev designed and manufactured the satellite, but also established the ground control segment. Additionally, the company held operations training courses for the customer and provides ongoing support throughout the satellite’s mission lifetime.

Built around ISS-Reshetnev’s unpressurized middle-class platform Express-1000H, AMOS-5 is a highly capable satellite with a 15-year active lifespan. It is equipped with 36 transponders operating in the C and Ku frequency bands. The satellite is capable of generating 5880 W of payload power.

Under this project, work on the satellite’s repeaters and antennas was subcontracted to the French division of Thales Alenia Space.

AMOS-5 was successfully placed into orbit on December 11, 2011.

KazSat-3

The telecommunications satellite KazSat-3 was built by ISS-Reshetnev Company under a contract with the Republican Center of Space Communication of Kazakhstan. Based on ISS-Reshetnev’s unpressurized middle-class platform Express-1000HTB, the satellite is expected to carry out its mission in orbit for at least 15 years. KazSat-3 is intended to provide communications, television broadcasting and data transmission services to users in the territory of Kazakhstan.

According to the agreement, ISS-Reshetnev Company was responsible for the design, development, manufacture, integration and testing of the KazSat-3 satellite. Besides, the company also built a ground control complex consisting of a main ground control station (Akkol) and a backup one (Almaty). As well as that, ISS-Reshetnev Company held operations training courses for the customer and will provide ongoing support throughout the satellite’s mission lifetime.

The satellite has a mass of around 1743 kilograms and a payload power of 5.3 kW.

KazSat-3’s payload was delivered by Thales Alenia Space Italia S.P.A. (Italy). Fitted with 28 Ku-band transponders, the satellite provides telecommunications services for Kazakhstan.

KazSat-3 was successfully launched into orbit together with a data-relay satellite Loutch-5V on April 28, 2014.

Lybid

The telecommunications satellite Lybid was built by ISS-Reshetnev Company for a Canadian company MacDonald, Dettwiler and Associates Ltd. (MDA) in the interest of Ukraine. Within the framework of this project ISS-Reshetnev is responsible for the development, manufacture, testing of the satellite, its pre-launch preparations and in-orbit commissioning to the customer. MDA, in its turn, delivered a repeater system and antennas for the satellite.

Lybid is to make communications, television broadcasting and data transmission services available to users in Ukraine, India and Africa. The satellite was built around an advanced Express-1000HT platform. It has a projected active lifetime of 15 years, a mass of around 1800 kilograms and payload power of 5880 W. The satellite is equipped with 30 Ku-band transponders.

Construction of the Lybid satellite has already been completed. It has been moved to special facilities at ISS-Reshetnev’s site for safekeeping where it will be stored until the customer makes a decision on its launch date.

Data-relaying

ISS-Reshetnev Company currently works on the multifunctional space-based data-relay system Loutch operating in the geostationary orbit, and builds satellites intended for this system.

Data-relay satellites of the Loutch series enable data retransmission from the Russian segment of the International Space Station, manned and unmanned low-orbiting satellites to the ground control centers and ground receiving stations. Apart from that, these satellites also enable data exchange between ground infrastructure units and users. Additionally, data-relay satellites of the Loutch series are used to retransmit hydrometeorological data from the Russian Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring Agency, signals of the International Satellite-Aided Search and Rescue System COSPAS-SARSAT as well as those of the Differential Correction and Monitoring System for GLONASS users.

One of the main characteristics of the Loutch system is that it provides full global coverage: data-relay satellites that are part of the system receive data from low-orbiting space technology objects (such as launch vehicles and their upper stages) on powered and unpowered sections of the trajectory when these objects are not visible from the territory of the Russian Federation and then further relay information to ground receiving stations located in Russia in a real-time mode.

The multifunctional space-based data-relaying system Loutch is being built up as part of Russia’s Federal Space Program.

Glonass-K

Glonass-K is a modernized series of navigation satellites intended for the Global Navigation Satellite System GLONASS. As compared to their predecessors – Glonass-M satellites, they have improved technical characteristics and increased mission lifetimes. The most important difference between Glonass-K and the previous-generation series is that Glonass-K satellites are capable of emitting not only FDMA signals in L1 and L2, but also civil CDMA signals in the L3 frequency band. It is expected to boost the system’s accuracy up to several dozens of centimeters.

Glonass-K satellites also carry payloads supporting the International Satellite-Aided Search and Rescue System COSPAS-SARSAT.

The first Glonass-K satellite was successfully placed into orbit in 2011. ISS-Reshetnev Company is currently developing improved second-generation Glonass-K satellites.

Glonass-K satellites are launched from the Plesetsk cosmodrome aboard Soyuz-2-1b / Fregat rockets.

Glonass-M

Glonass-M satellites form the core of the orbital constellation of the GLONASS system. They provide highly accurate positioning, timing and velocity information to users in the air, on land, at sea and in space. Satellites of this type broadcast four FDMA signals in the L1 and L2 frequency bands.

The GLONASS system, which is comprised of 24 Glonass-M satellites, enables civil users to determine their position anywhere on Earth with an accuracy of around five meters.

Glonass-M satellites can be delivered into orbit in groups or as a single payload. In a group payload configuration a batch of three Glonass-M satellites is placed into orbit by means of a Proton-M / Breeze-M vehicle from the Baikonur cosmodrome. But in case when there is one Glonass-M satellite to be put into orbit, it is launched from the Plesetsk cosmodrome aboard a Soyuz-2 / Fregat launch vehicle.

Geodesy

The cartographic model of the Earth needs to be revised periodically, at the same time geophysical parameters of our planet also have to be refined on a regular basis. Geodesy is greatly relied upon to help solve all these vital tasks and diverse problems in the Earth sciences.

ISS-Reshetnev Company is the only Russian company that designs and builds geodetic satellites. ISS-Reshetnev’s most recent project in this area is the development of the space-based satellite system GEO-IK-2.

GEO-IK-2

ISS-Reshetnev Company is responsible for the development of the next-generation geodetic system based on GEO-IK-2 satellites. They enable to carry out high-definition geodetic measurements thus helping Russian scientists update cartographic models of the Earth and refine its geophysical parameters. The system’s constellation will be comprised of two satellites.

GEO-IK-2 system is intended to:

  • build highly precise geodetic networks in the geocentric coordinate system;
  • solve a wide range of tasks which call for constantly updated mapping data and determination of coordinates of objects on the ground, including:
    • building regional geodetic networks;
    • Earth remote sensing;
    • marine geoid sensing,
    • ice monitoring.

The satellites are to be launched into a Sun-synchronous orbit 1000 kilometers high with an inclination of 99.4 degrees aboard Rockot/Breeze-KM rockets from the Plesetsk cosmodrome.

Scientific research and experimental missions

New technologies, equipment and materials must be thoroughly tested and flight qualified before they are used in real satellites. For this purpose small experimental satellites are frequently used since they are low-mass, relatively cheap to build and can be launched as ‘piggy-back’ accompanying a larger primary payload into orbit. ISS-Reshetnev Company has the expertise necessary to design and manufacture this type of satellites.

To develop small experimental satellites, ISS-Reshetnev works jointly with other companies, scientific institutions and universities. Thus, projects of this type help solve not only scientific, technological and experimental issues, but also achieve educational goals as well. Participating in experimental missions, students get hands-on experience covering many areas from satellite design to satellite in‑orbit control operations. This educational method is called ‘project-oriented education technology’ while satellites that are joint efforts between companies and universities are usually referred to as ‘student satellites’.

Yubileiny

A small research satellite Yubileiny was built by ISS-Reshetnev Company to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the day when the first artificial satellite was launched into space. Yubileiny is intended to broadcast voice, video and images about this significate date and other important events of the aerospace industry. The satellite transmits messages via a radio channel in the 435 and 145 MHz amateur frequency bands. Users can receive data from the satellite in any place on Earth while it stays within their sight.

When working on the Yubileiny satellite, ISS-Reshetnev Company developed an advanced multifunctional unpressurized platform which was subsequently used in the company’s follow-up small satellite missions.

The satellite was launched into orbit on May 23, 2008. The project has yielded many fruitful results, it enabled flight testing of a magnet‑gravitational attitude and orbit control subsystem, recently developed Earth and Sun trackers, improved GaAs solar cells and radiation-resistant nanocoatings.

MiR

A small scientific satellite MiR was launched into orbit to carry out scientific experiments in space and to help obtain flight qualification for recently developed engineering solutions. As a result, a number of technical solutions developed by ISS-Reshetnev and its partner companies and organizations were successfully flight tested. Specifically, among those new technologies that proved effective and promising there were new advanced materials, various elements of thermal control, electric power supply, attitude end orbit control subsystems. As well as that, on the MiR satellite two types of cameras were tested: a surveillance camera and a remote sensing one. The surveillance camera was verified during satellite launch, while the remote sensing camera was active throughout the satellite mission and had provided more than 350 images of the Earth surface with spatial resolution of 250 m/pixel.

Being a follow-up mission of the Yubileiny satellite, MiR was designed and built around the same basic satellite platform. It is the second joint satellite construction project implemented by ISS-Reshetnev in cooperation with students and research members from Siberian State Aerospace University. The satellite is named after Mikhail Reshetnev, the founder and the first director of the company.

MiR was successfully placed into orbit on July 28, 2012.

ISS-55

ISS-Reshetnev Company is currently working on ISS-55 – a small multispectral remote Earth sensing satellite with high spatial resolution. It is intended to provide high-resolution images of the Earth surface in the visible and infrared spectral ranges, transmit data via a radio link, process and deliver data to a wide range of customers.

ISS-55 is based on a recently developed HT100-01 platform which enables satellites to provide high resolution imagery in the visible and infrared spectrum, and makes it possible to point satellites on some objects that were initially out of their sight. ISS-55’s payload will account for around 50 percent of the satellite mass which is estimated at 180 kilograms.

The main mission critical equipment of the satellite is represented by high spatial resolution optical instruments providing a resolution of less than one meter. Additionally, the satellite will also carry a medium spatial resolution multispectral imaging system with a resolution of less than 30 meters, including a Fourier video spectrometer and an infrared imaging system.

ISS-55 satellite imagery data can be used for emergency and disaster monitoring, mapping, water resources and land management, agriculture and forestry.

The satellite is due to be launched in late 2015.